Routing SSL / 443 to backend servers on OpenBSD with Relayd (2021/03/01)

by JChase2

I have a physical thinkserver box, a laptop, and a desktop. On the thinkserver, I have alpine linux acting as a hyperviser, a VPS running OpenBSD for web hosting, a VPS running slackware for backups, and another VPS running slackware for Nextcloud and Plex. (Basically a cloud server). I have a router running DD-WRT, which obviously only has one external IP, and port forwards to the various servers and services I have running.

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systemd, 10 years later: a historical and technical retrospective (2020/05/02)

by V.R.

I am not sure I am such a big fan of reimplementing NetworkManager…

– Lennart Poettering’s famous last words, March 2011

10 years ago, systemd was announced and swiftly rose to become one of the most persistently controversial and polarizing pieces of software in recent history, and especially in the GNU/Linux world. The quality and nature of debate has not improved in the least from the major flame wars around 2012-2014, and systemd still remains poorly understood and understudied from both a technical and social level despite paradoxically having disproportionate levels of attention focused on it.

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Adding a drive to LVM/LUKS encrypted Slackware. (2016/04/16)

by Jchase2

My Slackware server is configured with full disk LVM / Luks encryption, as outlined in my full disk encryption tutorial. I’ve had an empty drive sitting in my server for over a year, and I’ve finally gotten around to encrypting it, and getting it to decrypt on boot. A problem arises due to the fact that Slackware’s crypttab is processed in it’s rc.S script very early on.

That means I couldn’t just follow the same steps I did in my encryption guide and create an encrypted physical device, I had to do things a bit differently. Turns out, you can’t decrypt two physical volumes on boot, but you can decrypt the primary physical drive, and then a logical volume via crypttab later. Here’s how I did it:

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DnE Productions Label Launch and Double Album Release (2016/01/19)

by intox

DnE Productions is a sub category of DnE MbN (Mutually Beneficial Network) for any art, music, writing, or related projects. It has existed for some time. In order to help content creators more, we have launched a small independent label. Essentially, we help artists with distribution and (to the extent we are able to) exposure. You can check out all ongoing DarknEdgy Productions projects here:

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2015 - DnE Year In Review. (2016/01/04)

by absent

On New Years 2014 into 2015, I wrote this post outlining our accomplishments of 2014 and laying out some preliminary plans for 2015. Well, here we are in 2016. This year was somewhat strange. We paradoxically experienced quite a bit of growth while simultaneously neglecting a good deal of our original goals we outlined. No doubt some significant portion of this can be attributed to the several articles V.R. has written and allowed us to publish.

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Microkernels are slow and Elvis didn’t do no drugs (2016/01/01)

by V.R.

It’s quite telling though that most microkernel proponents tend not to be kernel developers.

ris, in an example of being “not even wrong

Microkernel hatred is a peculiar phenomenon. Sheltered users who have never had any background in much beyond Windows and some flavor of free monolithic Unix, will, despite a general apathy or ignorance in the relevant subjects, have strong opinions on the allegedly dreadful performance and impracticality of “microkernels,” however they define the term (and we shall see that a lot of people have some baffling impressions of what a microkernel is supposed to be). Quite often, these negative views will be a result of various remarks made by Linus Torvalds and a general hero worship of his character, a misrepresentation of an old Usenet flame war between AST and Torvalds that was somehow “won” and which supposedly proved that microkernels are nothing but a toy of ivory tower academics, or a rehash of quarter century-old benchmarks on CMU’s Mach that were unfavorable. The presence of Linus' character in many of this is no coincidence. It strikes me that anti-microkernel sentiment most vocally originates as a sort of tribal affiliation mechanism by Linux users to ward off insecurity.

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32-bit Slackware Chroot on Slackware64: Multilib Alternative (2015/11/10)

by loon & intox

Basically, the process can be summed up as:

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What programmers can learn from economists: fundamentals and models (2015/11/04)

or: The frustrating atechnicality and rigidity of programmers

by V.R.

Economics and computer science, in some respects, share similarities. Both are heavily prone to assuming can openers, [1] are scarce in their reproducibility, are easy for laymen to deceive themselves into knowledge in, and are especially susceptible to politicization.

Where they differ sharply is that economists are starkly concerned with fundamentals, starting assumptions and axioms, but computer programmers (and often scientists) are hopelessly devoid of any. Economics is divided into many schools, in turn leaning neoclassical, heterodox or other. Thus, an economist will often operate under a Grand Theory (similar to how one might design a system under a Grand Abstraction) and derive their conclusions differently depending on the operational framework. Compare Minsky, Mises, Sraffa, Okishio and Friedman. Monetary theory alone has broadly endogenous and exogenous interpretations, each with its own branches with differing consequences on the role of central banking and of private and public debt.

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Installing and configuring ffmpeg + Openshot on Slackware. (2015/10/19)

by intox

I’ve run into a few problems doing this. The first two times I neglected to document what I did to fix it, which has wasted some of my time. Hopefully this post will serve to save my future self and possibly others some time. I’m installing everything from the slackbuilds on If you’re reading this you should probably already know how slackbuilds and their dependencies work.

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Why I’m Grateful for Inventors (2015/10/19)

by TheWake

Humanity is exceptionally ungrateful to the many inventors who, with their mundane inventions, have made modern, comfortable life possible for the great majority of us. We’re little shits, trying to pretend people like Abraham Lincoln, Winston Churchill, and fucking Ronald Reagan deserve all the credit for making the world what it is, when the mechanisms that allow us to not die at 30 and to focus our lives on making money and writing blog posts are probably just as important.

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Structural and semantic deficiencies in the systemd architecture for real-world service management, a technical treatise (2015/10/11)

by V.R.

Preface and disclaimer (!)

You’re probably wide-eyed and gnawing at your teeth already.

I was finally tempted into writing this from a Hacker News discussion on “Debian Dropping the Linux Standard Base,” where some interest was expressed in reading an architectural critique of systemd.

To the best of my knowledge, this article - though it ultimately ended up more of a paper in article format, is the first of its kind. This is startling. It’s been over 5 years of systemd, and countless instances of religious warfare have been perpetrated over it, but even as it has become the dominant system in its area, there really hasn’t been a solid technical critique of it which actually dissects its low-level architecture and draws remarks from it.

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A history of modern init systems (1992-2015) (2015/09/05)

by VR

The subject of process management, supervision and init(8) for Unix-like systems is one plagued by a large degree of ahistoricity and “pop culture” explanations. This leads to a lot of confusion and misunderstanding surrounding feature sets and how one formulates the problems surrounding reliable process management on Unix in general, making it a ripe topic for demagogues of all persuasions.

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Why FreeBSD should not adopt launchd (2015/08/26)

by V.R.


Firstly, because of the visceral nature of these discussions, I would like to add a disclaimer that this article is not borne of Ludditism (quite the contrary, as you shall see) and that more importantly I do not oppose having Mach/libSystem/launchd integration inside derivative products of FreeBSD, such as FreeNAS or PC-BSD. This is strictly about FreeBSD and why I am skeptical of the goals of the NextBSD project led by iXsystems, which is pushing the OS X-ification effort.

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Python Structs and Stuff. (2015/08/24)

by Chanku

Two thing to note: this will be a bit rambly, and this post probably won’t be long. Lately I have been working with Python 3 structs… they are a bit weird. While I don’t know much C, they are apparently meant to be like Structures in C. Here are basically the things I have learned so far:

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Post-Modernism: A Poor Forgery (2015/08/21)

by Swift

As many artists know, post-modernism is a movement which claims to have both arisen from and reacted against trends in modernism. Many post-modernists argue that they are following in the footsteps of the Dadaists, the surrealists and other 20th Century avant-garde art movements. Whilst post-modernism is essentially the avant-garde movement of today, it is a complete lie that it is anything like previous movements. It is merely a poor imitation that lacks substance.

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Youtube Networks and Copyright Bullying. (2015/08/06)

by intox

I follow various Youtube channels who produce some quality original content. They put a lot of time and effort into their work, and it shows. I don’t really watch TV except for a few shows I download here and there, mostly because I think there’s a lot of raw original creative content to be had elsewhere that may not be as polished, but feels more real. It gives me what I want out of media and entertainment. That being said, these content creators are getting shit on, hard.

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An experiment in porting the Android init system to GNU/Linux (2015/08/05)

by V.R.

Yes I’m trolling/mocking you anti-systemd retards. That’s what Schopenhauer recommends as a strategy against irrational rhetoric (here of the reactionary kind). I couldn’t care less for irrational people’s reading recommendations.

P.S.: “Self-projection” is psychobabble grounded in no science."



Being the author of the now dead uselessd project, I harbor a knack and appreciation for all things that are useless, or that use less, depending on your point of view.

While sitting in my room drinking absinthe, I was struck with a flash of brilliance. An idea for a project, so devoid of utility, that it is making John Stuart Mill do the tube snake boogie in his grave as we speak.

Take the Android init daemon… and boot a GNU/Linux system with it.

(Slackware Linux, as usual.)


Now the word shall be able to point at this work and be able to see the true icon I aim to promote, that of Robert Nozick fighting the utility monster.

There are, however, some serious reasons to embark on this project:

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On Hurd, Linux and the (mis)adventures of cross-compiling a GNU Hurd toolchain (2015/07/25)

by V.R.

This article is both a tutorial, a war story and a conceptual introduction to GNU Hurd in which I set up a cross-toolchain, and give a colorful tour through some rough edges of the GNU build system. My host system is Slackware Linux 14.1 (running on -current), i686 – which I find preferable due to its highly vanilla nature, running software almost entirely without distro-specific patching.

As of recent, I have found myself more interested in the Hurd – a well-known yet surprisingly simultaneously unknown project that has had very little attention given to it. In fact, I ran GitStats on the Savannah Hurd repo and found a total lifetime contributor count of 51. Only 51 people have touched the code in the 25 years of the Hurd.

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Linux Security Camera Alternative: OpenRTSP (2015/07/13)

by intox

OpenRTSP doesn’t get much exposure because it’s just a (single file I think) library within the live555 library set. The scope of OpenRTSP is basically just to handle RTSP streams. Opens / streams / receives / records them.

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Quick Hexchat Setup Guide. Windows + Linux. (2015/07/02)

by intox

Quick list guide:

Long Guide:

This is simple relative to the usual technical difficulty of posts on this blog, but some folks have requested a quick setup guide for hexchat. Hexchat is a fork of xchat, which was an irc client for linux and windows, but ended up monetizing. Hexchat works for both windows and linux well, and is easily set up. In my opnion, it has a better feature set than xchat, too, and is easier to use.

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One Easy Secret Pick Up Artists Don’t Want You to Know! (2015/04/30)

by Wes

alt text

Even the dumbest guy knows that, unless you’re an alpha, it’s hard to get laid. A few lucky, muscular assholes get all the pussy while the rest of us get laid irregularly or are still virgins well into our twenties. This is where the Pick Up Artist (PUA) industry has come in, to help wayward souls get some pootang. PUAs teach valuable tips and tricks to us NEETs and other betas get laid. It’s a big, multi-million dollar industry, and these PUAs are making loads of money selling ebooks and teaching classes.

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Reflection and Perception. (2015/03/02)

by Absent

Life is so weird.

Simple shit can shift perspective in such a way that in perception, nothing is the same.

The typical baseline perspective we usually sit at can be jolted and everything from the way we see colors, see contrast, to the size of things, to how we interpret them internally, how we interpret sounds, it can all get shifted and we’re in a whole new spectrum staring at the same things. All we need is the right stimulus and mindset.

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Our Era of Change. – Prelude. (2015/02/09)

by Absent

I’m writing a series about changes I’m seeing in attitudes, in outlooks. We’re seeing a new era of post-subcultural extremes that invokes an increase in what I believe, in some parts of the population at least, represents a new dawn of critical thought, of love and societal connection, of living in the moment, of cultural advancement, and much more. I don’t want to make it seem like I’m writing about a generational change, although that does come into play, this is cross-generational. It’s not just a generation x, y, or z shift, it’s a societal change, or, at the very least, I hope it is.

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Steal This Wiki - Month One (2015/01/31)

by God

“If you strike me down, I shall become more powerful than you can possibly imagine.” –Jesus, probably

One month ago today, we announced the revival of Steal This Wiki, the Yippie icon of rebellion and counterculture for the computer age. We’ve been working diligently to steal the old articles from a static archive, and between school, jobs, other projects, and the general stresses that accompany daily life in Amerika, we’re pleased to report that all the old articles that we managed to get a hold of have been moved over to the new Steal This Wiki. Now that the articles are up, we’ll be focusing our efforts on updating, cataloging, and vastly improving their contents. We continue to welcome contributors who wish to help edit, and spread the word. Any help - providing copies of missing articles, editing existing articles, creating new content, or otherwise assisting with Steal This wiki - is greatly appreciated.

A Guide to the BusPirate Version 4.0 (2015/01/24)

by aCol

PDF Version Here. More information in the PDF, Contact:

1. Introduction

This document was written because I found myself at a loss when I first encountering the BusPirate Version 4. Initially I wanted the BPv3/BPv3.5 but due to a small error on my side, I ended up with the BPv4. Since I didn’t want to go through the lengthy process of sending it back in (if that’s even possible, I never bothered to find out), I decided to stick with what I got. This document is made specifically for Windows 8 / Windows 8.1 - however, it should work on Windows 7 too. You just have to adapt it for that environment.

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Announcement: Revival of Steal This Wiki (2014/12/31)

by Wes

I rebel therefore we exist.
--Albert Camus

Rebellion and counterculture for the computer age, that’s what the website Steal This Wiki once represented. For those not familiar, it was based on yippie icon Abbie Hoffman’s Steal This Book, published in 1971, which detailed ways to fight authority in all its forms. The book, while a 60s classic, was outdated by the dawn of the new millennium. Steal This Wiki was created in its spirit to carry the torch of passing on knowledge of counter-cultural rebellion to the Internet generation. While not always well written, it was mostly a wealth of interesting information on challenging and circumventing authority in the modern age.

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2014 - DnE Year In Review. (2014/12/31)

by Absent

So, we have to put out a couple of more posts to meet our self-set post quota, and what better post on new years eve than a 2014 year-in-review post? The scope of this is basically to check out what this year brought to the site, like, what did we do? I’ll also touch on what we’re planning on doing. What do we have in the works? What’s on the agenda?

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Plan 9 networking (2014/11/22)

Using the /net filesystem

You can make network connections just by interacting with files in /net.

Connecting via TCP

First you could create a new socket by reading the contents of /net/tcp/clone, then one would write to the socket in /net/tcp/$socketno/ctl, to connect to some host, and then read/write to /net/tcp/$socketno/data.

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9front/Plan 9 common strange errors and their possible causes (2014/11/22)

Auth server error

On terminal (drawterm or cpu command) side:

username@authdom password:
cpu: cannot read authenticator in p9sk1: Connection refused


On server kernel messages side:

cpu: srvauth: auth_proxy rpc write: auth server protocol botch

Possible cause

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9front - Building 64-bit userland & Kernel (2014/11/21)

Basically just

/sys/lib/rootstub fixes all the fucked directories.

cd /
rc sys/lib/rootstub
cd /sys/src
mk nuke
mk libs                     #(makes and installs this arch's libs)
objtype=amd64 mk all
objtype=amd64 mk install
cd 9/pc64
mk install
9fs 9fat
cp /amd64/9pc64 /n/9fat

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irc7 for idiots: Installing and using irc7 on plan9 (2014/10/25)

Documentation on plan9 is far from idiot-friendly. Often, it takes a little bit of trial and error to sort things out.

#installing irc7
9fs sources
cp /n/sources/contrib/andrey/irc7.tgz $home/builds/
cd $home/builds/
tar xzf irc7.tgz
cd irc7
mk install clean

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dwm, Java Applications, and NetBeans – The White Screen. (2014/08/27)

by intox

When using dwm, or a lot of tiling windows managers really, you’re using a non-re-parenting window manager. Basically, some java applications are not going to display correctly because re-parenting window systems seems to be assumed on java’s part. To fix this on dwm, install wmname from here:

Next, run:

 wmname LG3D

I’d also advise running that at startup, e.g put it in xinitrc or using systemctl if you’re running systemd. This should fix the issue by changing the window manager name to basically fix the assumption.